The commemoration, today, of the 60th anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV) on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and People is taking place on the 75th anniversary of the United Nations Organization and provides an opportunity to assess the progress made in terms of decolonization as well as to take stock of the challenges remaining ahead to complete its implementation throughout the world.
On this occasion, we also commemorate the sacrifices made by colonial peoples for the recognition of their right to self-determination and independence, including those of our brave Algerian People, whose peaceful protests on December 11th 1960, has directly accelerated adoption of Resolution 1514. Furthermore, this commemoration provides the opportunity to recall the historical role and significant contribution of the United Nations Organization to the emancipation of Peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin-America and the Caribbean. While the ’Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism’ (2011-2020) is coming to an end, the responsibility of the UN and the International Community as a whole, is strongly questioned due to tremendous and accumulated delays as to the completion of the process of decolonization in the 17 Non-Self-Governing territories on the listed by the UN Special Committee on Decolonization. The last relic of colonialism in Africa, Western Sahara, which is facing a serious escalation of military tensions, along with desperate attempts of undignified bartering to the detriment of aspirations and legitimate rights of Saharawi People, has every right to expect more resolute support from the International Community with the aim of completing decolonization process. Algeria, whose history of the glorious struggle for independence made it a key actor in the people’s liberation movement, wishes to reiterate its solidarity with all peoples from non-autonomous territories striving to exercise their right to self-determination under internationally guaranteed conditions of fairness, freedom and morality. Algeria reiterates its categorical rejection of colonial ideologies and, reaffirms its profound conviction that the completion of decolonization process is ineluctable all over the world.